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Granite

Granite is a kind of igneous rock. It is formed from hot, molten magma.

The magma is forced between other layers of rock by the pressure under the Earth's surface. The magma cools and turns slowly into solid stone. Granite has many different types of minerals in it. These include quartz, feldspar, hornblende, and sometimes mica. As the magma cools, these minerals form crystals. The crystals can be seen easily, if the granite is cut and polished.

Granite is a common stone on Earth, and makes up a big part of the crust (the Earth's outer layer). Although it forms under the surface of the Earth, there are many places where it has been forced upwards by tectonic movement. This is the cracking and folding of the Earth's crust. When this happens, granite mountains can be formed. Granite has been extensively used as a dimension stone and as flooring tiles in public and commercial buildings and monuments. Aberdeen in Scotland, which is constructed principally from local granite, is known as "The Granite City". Because of its abundance, granite was commonly used to build foundations for homes in New England. The Granite Railway, America's first railroad, was built to haul granite from the quarries in Quincy, Massachusetts, to the Neponset River in the 1820s. With increasing amounts of acid rain in parts of the world, granite has begun to supplant marble as a monument material, since it is much more durable. Polished granite is also a popular choice for kitchen countertops due to its high durability and aesthetic qualities.

Facts About Granite Countertops
Granite is a cheaper alternative to marble and is notable for its strength and beauty. It is one of the toughest rocks in the world, making it a popular choice for countertops. Educating yourself about the cost and advantages of granite will help you decide whether it's the right choice for your home.

Function
Granite is most commonly used on kitchen counters where food is prepared. It is easy to clean, resistant to stains and looks good. A slab of granite is cut, treated and polished until it's smooth and ready to be cut into a countertop.

Variations
No two stones in nature look exactly the same, so granite countertops have a unique design. No two countertops will look the same, even if the same color is used. The types of granite are mined from different locations around the world and, therefore, vary in price based on location and how common each piece is. Granite is available in a moderate selection of colors. Neutral colors are most common, but it also is available in a few colorful shades, such as red, green and blue.

Advantages Granite has several advantages over other countertops. Because granite is so strong and durable, it will last for years with little effort on your part. Cleaning granite is as simple as wiping it down with a wet washcloth. The granite slabs are sealed to prevent staining and this clear finish is what makes them so easy to clean.

Granite countertops also add to the resale value of your home.

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